Chemical elements
  Molybdenum
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Application
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
    Alloys
    Compounds
      Molybdenum Hexafluoride
      Fluoroxypermolybdates
      Molybdenum Dichloride
      Molybdenum Trichloride
      Molybdenum Tetrachloride
      Molybdenum Pentachloride
      Molybdenum Oxychlorides
      Chlormolybdic Acids
      Molybdenum Dibromide
      Molybdenum Tribromide
      Molybdenum Tetrabromide
      Molybdenum Oxybromide
      Molybdenum Di-iodide
      Molybdenum Oxyiodide
      Iodomolybdic Acid
      Molybdenum Sesquioxide
      Molybdenum Dioxide
      Molybdenum Oxide Blue
      Molybdenum Trioxide
      Molybdates
      Aluminium Molybdates
      Ammonium Molybdate
      Ammonium Dimolybdate
      Ammonium Paramolybdate
      Ammonium Trimolybdate
      Ammonium Tetramolybdate
      Ammonium Octamolybdate
      Barium Molybdates
      Barium Paramolybdate
      Barium Trimolybdate
      Barium Tetramolybdate
      Barium Octamolybdate
      Barium Nonamolybdate
      Beryllium Molybdate
      Bismuth Molybdates
      Cadmium Molybdates
      Caesium Molybdates
      Calcium Molybdate
      Calcium Trimolybdate
      Calcium Tetramolybdate
      Calcium Octamolybdate
      Chromium Molybdates
      Cobalt Molybdates
      Cobalt Dimolybdate
      Cobalt Trimolybdate
      Copper Molybdates
      Ferrous Molybdate
      Ferric Molybdate
      Indium Molybdate
      Lead Molybdates
      Lithium Molybdate
      Lithium Dimolybdate
      Lithium Paramolybdate
      Lithium Trimolybdate
      Lithium Tetramolybdate
      Magnesium Molybdates
      Magnesium Paramolybdate
      Magnesium Trimolybdate
      Manganese Molybdate
      Mercurous Molybdates
      Nickel Molybdates
      Potassium Molybdate
      Potassium Dimolybdate
      Potassium Paramolybdate
      Potassium Trimolybdate
      Potassium Tetramolybdate
      Potassium Octamolybdate
      Potassium Decamolybdate
      Rhodium Molybdates
      Rubidium Molybdate
      Rubidium Dimolybdate
      Rubidium Paramolybdate
      Rubidium Trimolybdate
      Rubidium Tetramolybdates
      Silver Molybdates
      Normal Silver Molybdate
      Sodium Molybdate
      Sodium Dimolybdate
      Sodium Paramolybdate
      Sodium Trimolybdate
      Sodium Tetramolybdate
      Sodium Iodomolybdate
      Strontium Molybdate
      Thallous Molybdate
      Thallous Paramolybdate
      Thallous Tetramolybdate
      Thorium Molybdate
      Uranium Molybdates
      Uranyl Octamolybdate
      Zinc Molybdates
      Zinc Trimolybdate
      Zinc Tetramolybdate
      Zinc Octamolybdate
      Zirconium Molybdate
      Permolybdic Acid
      Molybdenum Sesquisulphide
      Molybdenum Disulphide
      Dimolybdenum Pentasulphide
      Molybdenum Trisulphide
      Molybdenum Tetrasulphide
      Thiomolybdates
      Ammonium Thiomolybdates
      Ammonium Molybdosulphites
      Potassium Thiomolybdate
      Potassium Thiodimolybdate
      Potassium Dithiodioxymolybdate
      Potassium Molybdosulphite
      Sodium Thiomolybdates
      Sodium Molybdosulphites
      Molybdenum Sulphates
      Molybdenum Selenide
      Complex Molybdoselenites
      Chromates of Molybdenum
      Molybdenum Phosphide
      Molybdic Metaphosphate
      Heteropoly-compounds with Phosphorus
      12-Molybdophosphoric Acid
      9-Molybdophosphoric Acid
      172-Molybdophosphoric Acid
      Molybdohypophosphates
      Molybdophosphites
      Molybdohypophosphites
      12-Molybdo-arsenates
      9-Molybdo-arsenates
      3-Molybdo-arsenates
      Molybdenum Carbides
      Molybdenum Carbonyl
      Reddish-violet Salts
      Yellow Salts
      Thiocyanates of Molybdenum
      Molybdenum Monosilicide
      Molybdenum Sesquisilicide
      Molybdenum Disilicide
      Molybdosilicic Acid and Molybdosilicates
      12-Molybdosilicic Acid
    PDB 1aa6-1qh8
    PDB 1r27-2jir
    PDB 2min-3unc
    PDB 3uni-4f6t

Molybdenum Oxychlorides






Several Molybdenum Oxychlorides have been described. The compounds Mo2O3Cl2 and Mo3O3Cl7 have been stated to be formed by the reduction of the oxychloride MoOCl4.

The compound Mo2O3Cl5 was stated by Blomstrand to be formed as reddish-brown, fusible crystals by condensation of the brown vapours which are produced when chlorine is passed over heated molybdenum sesquioxide, Mo2O3.

The oxychloride MoO2Cl2 is obtained when chlorides of molybdenum are heated in the air, and, among other compounds, when the dioxide, or a mixture of the trioxide with carbon, is heated in chlorine, or when molybdenum trioxide and phosphorus trichloride are heated together; it is not formed, however, when a mixture of common salt, sulphuric acid, and molybdenum trioxide is heated. A pale yellow amorphous substance, soluble in water and alcohol, it is easily sublimed, and is reduced on heating in hydrogen or carbon monoxide to the dioxide.

The compound Mo3O5Cl8 is stated to be a stable red crystalline substance which is produced on heating the compound Mo2O3Cl6; the latter is a violet crystalline deliquescent body, soluble in water, produced by reduction in hydrogen of the oxychloride MoOCl4. It sublimes on heating; when heated in the air it is oxidised to the oxychloride MoO2Cl2 and chlorine; its aqueous solution is unstable.

The oxychloride MoOCl4 is formed on heating in chlorine a mixture of molybdenum pentachloride and the compound MoO2Cl2:

2MoCl5 + 2MoO2Cl2 + Cl2 = 4MoOCl4;

or by using instead appropriate quantities of the metal and the dioxide. The substance is considered by Nordenskjold to be a mixture in varying proportions of the pentachloride with the oxychloride MoO2Cl2. The crystals obtained, on purification by sublimation, have a dark green colour and metallic lustre. They readily fuse and vaporise, and are affected by sunlight. The aqueous solution is unstable; on heating alone, the compound Mo2O3Cl6 is formed; while in hydrogen it gives the oxychlorides Mo3O3Cl7 and MoO2Cl2, molybdenum dichloride and molybdenum.

The following compounds have also been prepared: MoOCl3.2NH4Cl, MoOCl3.2KCl.2H2O, MoOCl3.2RbCl, MoOCl3.2CsCl, together with similar compounds with certain organic bases.


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